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The Guide for the Care and Use of Agricultural Animals in Research and Teaching (2010)
The Guide addresses the use of confining devices, such as stanchions and squeeze chutes, for a variety of experimental and clinical manipulations.
The Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (2011)
The Guide provides the following definition for physical restraint: "Physical restraint is the use of manual or mechanical means to limit some or all of an animal's normal movement for the purpose of examination, collection of samples, drug administration, therapy or experimental manipulations. Animals are restrained for brief periods, usually minutes, in many research applications.
Restraint (limitation of movement) of animals used for research purposes must be carefully described in an animal care and use protocol and approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC).
Justification for the use and duration of restraint and plans for acclimation and monitoring of restrained animals must be included in the description.
Restraint for greater than 12 hours will require robust justification and will receive additional scrutiny by the IACUC.
Any person using a procedure that limits animal movement must be trained by an experienced individual, and training must be clearly documented.